Posted on Wednesday, November 27, 2013
From Cocoon to Scarf
Our beautiful silk scarves are made in remote villages in Bihar, India. Agriculture is the primary sector with few alternative income opportunities. An NGO came to these villages and wanted to help. Silk rearing and weaving has been a craft in this region for countless generations and can bring additional income where it is greatly needed.
They reforested area around the villages to grow the silk worms. The wild silk worms eat copious amounts of mulberry leaves.
After the cocoons are dried, they are ready to spin. Traditional spinning machines are powered by a foot pedal. The newer machines run on electricity. They are much more efficient because they can spin several cocoons at once.
Once the yarn is spun, it is ready to be dyed. The dying process is simple. A large pot of water and dye is boiled over an open fire. The yarn is put into the pot, then removed, cooled and put back in for another round.
They use large wooden looms to weave the silk. In traditional Indian society men are the weavers. The trade is passed down from generation to generation.
After the scarves are woven they go to the finishing center where they are fringed, touched up and ironed.
It is amazing that we in the U.S. can connect with a small village in India and support their economy and cultural craft through something as simple as a scarf. Witnessing the process makes me think about my other possessions.
How were they made? Who made them?
It helps me appreciate the time and energy it takes to create the things we depend on – and more glad when I can have access to fair trade products, so I know that producers’ needs are valued.